lunes, 17 de diciembre de 2012

Château La Tour Blanche (1 er Cru Classé A.O.C Sauternes)



CHATEAU LA TOUR BLANCHE (1 er CRU CLASSÉ A.O.C SAUTERNES)

Château La Tour Blanche o La Tour-Blanche es un vino blanco dulce clasificado como Premier Cru en la Clasificación Oficial del Vino de Burdeos de 1855 original, dentro de la AOC Sauternes dentro de Barsac en la Gironda, en el viñedo de Burdeos. La bodega se encuentra en la comuna francesa de Bommes.

Caso único entre los Burdeos clasificados, la finca pertenece al estado francés, y sede de la Escuela La Tour Blanche de Viticultura y Enología.

Los archivos remontan los orígenes de la finca al siglo XVIII, y los relacionan con Jean Saint-Marc du Latourblanche, tesorero general de Luis XIV. Después de la Revolución francesa, la finca fue propiedad de Pierre Pécherie, pero un propietario posterior, el alemán Frederic Focke elevó la reputación de la bodega, y se le atribuyó durante un tiempo el mérito de traer la tradición del vino blanco dulce a Sauternes desde sus orígenes renanos. Después del premio que supuso la clasificación de 1855 y la muerte de Focke, la finca fue con el tiempo adquirida por Daniel "Osiris" Iffla quien entre otros actos patrioticos, legó por testamento La Tour Blanche al Estado a su muerte en 1907, a condición de que se convirtiera en un colegio agrícola. Desde 1911, la Escuela de Viticultura y Enología La Tour Blanche ha sido responsable de la educación y formación de profesionales de la industria del vino, así como de gestionar La Tour Blanche como una bodega de primera calidad.

La bodega está situada a unos 40 kilómetros de Burdeos, en el pueblo de Bommes. La finca contiene 65 hectáreas de las variedades 83% semillón, 12% sauvignon blanc y 5% muscadelle, así como un cultivo menor de uvas tintas merlot, cabernet franc y cabernet sauvignon.

Gracias a la confluencia del río Garona y su afluente, el Cirón, propician el microclima necesario para el desarrollo de la botrytis cinerea, hongo sumamente necesario para la elaboración de este tipo de vino.

La producción anual es una media de 4.000 cajas de La Tour Blanche, además de un segundo vino Les Charmilles de La Tour Blanche, del que se hacen al año 1.250 cajas de media.

En menores cantidades, la finca produce vino blanco seco Les Jardins de Thinoy, el vino blanco seco Isis, el semiseco Osiris, y el tinto Cru de Cinquet.


- Château La Tour Blanche” aproximadamente unas 45.000 botellas anuales. Uvas seleccionadas afectadas por la podredumbre noble (botrytis cinerea) de las variedades semillón, sauvignon blanc y muscadelle. Sólo el primer “cru” descansa aproximadamente 18 meses en barrica de roble francés de primer uso.

Es un vino con aromas melosos, frutas exóticas como la piña en almíbar y liegermente floral. En boca es fresco, licoroso, con estilo propio, denso y rico, con gran textura, y con matices que desvelan su crianza en barricas de roble nuevo. En definitiva un vino con sustancia, equilibrio y buena acidez, que mejorara en complejidad y finura con el transcurso del tiempo.

El productor: Château La Tour Blanche
Denominación: Sauternes (Blancs Liquoreux, Burdeos, Francia)(Licoroso)
Variedad(es): Sémillon, Sauvignon y Muscadelle
Precio aproximado: 50 €

- “Les Charmilles”: segundo vino, que no pasa por crianza en barrica y del cual producen unas 15.000 botellas anuales.

Château La Tour Blanche
33210 Bommes
Tel: +33 (0) 5 57 98 02 73 Fax: +33 (0) 5 57 98 02 78
Web: www.tour-blanche.com
GPS: 44.54201, -0.350995


BACKGROUND AND HISTORY

The construction of Chateau La Tour Blanche dates from the 18th Century.

In 1855, The Imperial Government requested that the most deserving wines of The Gironde be submitted to The Universal Exhibition in Paris so that a classification system could be established. Chateau La Tour Blanche was placed top of The 'Premiers Crus' of The Sauternes Appellation.

But it was not until the beginning of the 20th Century that the originality of this prestigious estate's history became really apparent. The former owner, Daniel Iffla, a.k.a. "Osiris", decided to bequeath the property to the French State under the condition that a Wine School be created on site. After having accepted the donation in 1909, The Ministry of Agriculture commissioned construction of La Tour Blanche School of Viticulture and Oenology in 1911.

Despite its unusual status, this wine-producing Estate is entirely managed by authentic professionals in The Wine Trade.


THE VINEYARD

- Appellation: Chateau La Tour Blanche is situated in the heart of The Sauternes Appellation. About 40 km south of Bordeaux, this appellation covers nearly 2100 hectares and encompasses the five villages of Barsac, Bommes, Fargues, Preignac and Sauternes..

puce The merging of The River Garonne and its colder tributary The Ciron creates a microclimate which accounts for the autumnal climate of early morning mists followed by bright sunny days.

Consequently, botrytis cinerea, a microscopic fungus, finds itself in ideal conditions to develop on the grape berries causing an evaporation of the berries' water content. This phenomenon is known as Noble Rot ("Pourriture Noble").

- Grape Varieties: The three traditional grape varieties of the Sauternes are: Sémillon, Sauvignon and Muscadelle.

At Chateau La Tour Blanche they are to be found in the right proportions: 83% Sémillon, 12% Sauvignon and 5% Muscadelle.

It is the combination of this vine population along with the soil structure and, above all, the secrets of winemaking that result in these three varieties producing a unique and harmonious blend.

- Harvesting: At Chateau La Tour Blanche, in the entire appellation likewise, the harvest is done manually and over a series of selective pickings. This means that the grape-pickers must go through the rows of vines several times (five to six times on average) picking each time only the bunches of grapes, or even just the individual berries in some cases, that have been sufficiently affected by botrytis cinerea.

The harvest period is spread over practically two whole months between September and November.


THE WINERY

- Barrel cellar: Chateau La Tour Blanche has continually invested to maintain its reputation.

Fitted out with the most modern and efficient equipment, it also knows how to keep the more traditional aspects of winemaking. Recently renovated and air-conditioned, this winery stocks nearly 400 Bordeaux traditional barrels. They are made from French oak (stave-wood) and are renewed every vintage.

So it is in the shaded tranquillity of these cellars that each Chateau La Tour Blanche vintage ferments and matures. Ageing in barrels lasts for sixteen to eighteen months on average. Careful attention is paid to the wine during this preservation period as perfection is the key word if it is to reach its unmatched refinement.

- Vathouse: The ultra-modern vathouse only contains vats made out of stainless steel with a 1500 hectolitres capacity.

Each vat is equipped with an electronic temperature-control system.

It is in this vathouse that the grapes are pneumatically pressed as well as some of the post-fermentation operation, until bottling and labelling.

- Exhibition room:
As art and wine are in perfect harmony, the winery at Chateau La Tour Blanche was architecturally conceived to enable artists to exhibit their work.


THE WINES

- Tour Blache: Using the three traditional Sauternes grape varieties Sémillon, Sauvignon and Muscadelle this wine is the result of a severe selection. So as to optimise the beneficial effects of Noble Rot ("La Pourriture Noble"), harvesting is carried out in a series of selective pickings which often necessitates the grape-pickers going through the rows up to 4 or 6 times.

Each vintage is vinified and aged in French-oak barrels, which are entirely renewed every harvest, for 16 to 18 months.

Even so, in accordance with Chateau La Tour Blanche's policy of quality, certain vintages (although certified passable) are not bottled. This was the case for the 1992, 1993 and 2000 vintages.

Annual production averages 45,000 bottles.

- Les Charmilles de Tour Blanche: Made from selectively harvested grapes and part of the juice non-retained for the Classified First Growth ("1er Cru Classé"), this wine benefits from all the techniques and skills of Chateau La Tour Blanche.

In order to preserve the wine's fresh, aromatic character it is exclusively vinified in stainless steel vats.

Annual production averages 15,000 bottles.

- Jardins de Thinoy:
This dry white wine is made entirely from the Sauvignon grape variety and is vinified in stainless steel vats.

Extremely expressive and slightly pearly, this wine reveals fruit (blackcurrant, peach, apricot, grapefruit) and flowery aromas as well as a lot of freshness.

Annual production averages 4,000 bottles.

- Cru du Cinquet: His wine is made from the two traditional Bordeaux red grape varieties: Merlot (90%) and Malbec (10%). Harvesting is manual.

When drunk young this wine reveals a range of subtle red fruit aromas such as cherry, strawberry, raspberry...

Annual production averages 12,000 bottles.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario